- What is IoT?
- Building blocks of an IoT platform / ecosystem
- Examples of IoT?
- How will IoT and 5G Networks make the world a better, smarter , more efficient and safer place for everyone?
What is IoT?
When I was searching on the internet for the best and most accurate explanation of
what is IoT , I found many confusing and sometimes overly complicate OR Overly simplified
explanations. To my knowledge and understanding this is how I could sum up what IoT is:
IoT is more than just smart/connected devices like a washing machine You can control from Your smartphone from outside the house …
as a matter of fact as We will see it is one of the building blocks of what We refer to IoT and the flow I just described ( washing machine controlled over smartphone from outside)
is just one of the many applications of IoT and how We can benefit from it All.
IoT ( Internet of Things) is a system of interrelated computing devices , mechanical and digital machines, sensors, objects even animals or people that
are provided with a UIDs (unique identifier) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human to computer interaction.
Based on this We can see 3x important keywords or key identifiers regarding IoT…
- – Uniquiely Identifiable devices/objects/sensors (end devices) –> reminds me for some reason of IPv6 where everything can have a single routable IP address as the address space is that vast.
- – The ability to transfer data over a network (internet or even Local network f.e if my smart home devices only operate in my own LAN sending and receiving messages in between only when im on my home network) (network fabric)
- – Self sufficient, requires no human interaction .. managed and brought together via an IoT Platform
Explanation of IoT Platform ::
An IoT platform is a multi-layer technology that enables straightforward provisioning, management, and automation of connected devices within the Internet of Things universe. It basically connects your hardware, however diverse, to the cloud by using flexible connectivity options, enterprise-grade security mechanisms, and broad data processing powers. For developers, an IoT platform provides a set of ready-to-use features that greatly speed up development of applications for connected devices as well as take care of scalability and cross-device compatibility.
Thus, an IoT platform can be wearing different hats depending on how you look at it. It is commonly referred to as middleware when we talk about how it connects remote devices to user applications (or other devices) and manages all the interactions between the hardware and the application layers. It is also known as a cloud enablement platform or IoT enablement platform to pinpoint its major business value, that is empowering standard devices with cloud-based applications and services. Finally, under the name of the IoT application enablement platform, it shifts the focus to being a key tool for IoT developers.
Now that We saw a simple easy to understand explanation of IoT , its 3 main key attributes ( in my opinion) and saw what role IoT Platform plays in bringing this all together We can discuss more about IoT
Building Blocks of IoT::
- Applications (Mobile app f.e)
- Gateways (Local Processing Should happen here)
- Processors (Cloud for remote processing)
- Sensors ( End Devices)
Building Blocks and Architecture of IoT
Internet of Things (IoT) – Part 2 (Building Blocks & Architecture)
Examples of IoT Applications
- Consumer (Smart Homes(Ac, Heating etc. sensors Temp )
- Industrial (Smart Warehouses,Smart Farming Industry 4.0 , preventive maintenance in Factories, stock and production based on feedback etc,)
- Infrastructural ( traffic , signs , highways, electricity plumbing, hospital)
- Get Connected
- Get Insights
- Get Optimised
- Fleet Management:
Business leaders look for real-time fleet information so that they can reap business benefits to making intelligent decisions real-time. The Fleet Management technology is slowly and gradually getting adopted with the improvements in operational efficiency, maintenance cost, fuel consumption, regulatory compliance, and speed up accident response. GPS tracking, geo-fencing, customized dashboards, and real-time business decisions are some of the key features fleet management offers.
- Public Transit Management:
tracking the real-time location of the vehicle and knowing when it will arrive at a particular stop was always a challenge. As real-time tracking of the vehicle is possible with the help of IoT in transportation, the data that is tracked is sent to an engineer or to a central system and, then, to an Internet-enabled mobile device. The Internet of Things has eradicated all the challenges that were faced in a public transit system and has enabled re-routing features to help people make alternate arrangements as real-time tracking of the vehicle is easily done.
- Smart Inventory Management:
IoT in transportation has smart inventory management that acts as a catalyst telling the real-time information across the warehouse, distribution, and production center, which reduces the cost of inventory and improves the predictive maintenance. Smart inventory management systems have lowered the inventory cost and reduced the management errors of the inventory. The quality and depth of data from IoT sensors and systems have strengthened the legalized inventory management system.
- Optimal Asset Utilization:
IoT in transportation enables the asset tracking feature, which keeps track of the physical assets and their information, like location, status, etc. With Biz4Intellia, an end-to-end IoT solution provider, one can track the real-time location of their truck and can know how much load there is on the trailer of the respective truck. Not only this, but the latitude and longitude of an asset can also be known by IoT in transportation. The advanced analytics tracks all the devices like sensors, axels, and tells about the threshold and tolerance of the device.
IoT in the transportation industry has come up with an advanced form of GPS, i.e. geo-fencing. It captures the location of an asset or device with the coordinates of a particular area. Geo-fencing helps in starting the automated tasks. IoT in the transportation industry is the most benefitted from geo-fencing. It allows you to receive alerts when a driver deviates from the prescribed path, as it can bring delay in delivery time and cause accidental loss.
This technology has manifested the paper logs as it came up with a digital- and cloud-based monitoring system that tells about real-time data of the truck. Increased transparency and accountability has made the IoT in transportation more cost-effective and reduced time. The Internet of Things has changed the business performance of many organizations and is predicted to cut the emissions from trucks
How will IoT and 5G change everything for the better?
5G for the future of IoT both Residential and Industrial is a huge leap forward compared to 4G
IoT will become smarter, faster and more reliable with 5G. Less power consumption coupled with higher data transfer rates and lower latency and the ability to connect to more devices are massive improvements which 5G brings to IoT
Connected Cars and Autonomous vehicles will become a reality together with Smart/Connected Cities and Smart Transportation.
As true unlimited home internet was not possible with 4G now with 5G this can become a reality.